Endnotes
 

1. Jacobs, Report of the State Geologist...,1941-1942, p. 1; Abbott, “Early Copper Smelting in Vermont”, Vermont History , vol. XXXIII, no. 1 (January 1965), p. 233, reprinted from the New-England Galaxy, Fall 1964

2.Abbott, Vermont History (Jan. 1965), p. 233

3.Hemenway, Vermont Historical Gazetteer, vol. II, p. 875

4.Jacobs, Report of the State Geologist...1941-1942, p. 1

5.Perkins, Report of the State Geologist...1901-1902, p. 83, but see: Perkins, Report...1903-1904, p. 63, “3,400 feet”

6.Perry, New England’s Buried Treasure, 1946, p. 191

7.Perkins, Report... 1915-1916, p. 196, quoting Weed, “Notes on the Copper Mines of Vermont”, in Contributions to Economic Geology 1903, p. 194, and repeated in Jacobs

8.Hager, Report on the Geology of Vermont, vol. II (1861), p. 853

9.Hemenway, Gazetteer, vol. II, p. 1137;  Hager, Report... , vol. II (1861), p. 853

10.Blaisdell, Katherine, Over the River and Through the Years, Book Four, Bradford, 1982, p. 46

11.Dee, Ellen Bugbee, “Vermont Copper Ghost Town”, the Vermonter, vol. 47, no. 12 (Dec. 1942), p. 169

12.Daily Free Press, January 17, 1855, p. 2

13.Robinson, Rowland, Vermont: a Study of Independence, p. 361

14.Abbott, Vermont History (Jan. 1965), p. 236

15.Laws of Vermont 1831, No. 45, p. 99

16.([no author], “Copper Mines of Ely-Copperfield”, the Vermonter, vol. II, no. 2 (September, 1896), p. 30

17.Seeley, Third Biennial Report of the Vermont State Board of Agriculture, Manufacturing and Mining for the Years 1875-1876, p. 657

18.Abbott, Vermont History,  vol. XXXIII, no. 1(January 1965), p. 242, fn. 46

19.Laws of Vermont, 1858, No. 104, p. 167

20.Child, Gazetteer of Orange County, Vt. 1762-1888, p. 16

21.Daily Free Press, January 17, 1855, p. 2, col. 4

22.Laws of Vermont, 1855, No. 84, p. 118

23.Young, Augustus, Preliminary Report on the Natural History of the State of Vermont, published by Chauncey Goodrich, Burlington, 1856, p. 18

24.Child, Gazetteer,  p. 20

25.Child, Gazetteer, p. 16; p. 19, quoting the Bradford Opinion of June 21, 1879

26.Child, Gazetteer of Orange County, Vt. 1762-1888, p. 17; “The Red Dust of Vershire”, Rural Vermonter, vol. 1, no.1 (Fall 1962), p. 13

27.Geology of the State of Vermont, p. 856

28.Child, Gazetteer, p. 17

29.Abbott, Green Mountain Copper, p. 7

30.Child, Gazetteer, p. 17

31.Child, Gazetteer, p. 17

32.Abbott, Green Mountain Copper, p. 7

33.Rural Vermonter, vol. 1, no. 1(Fall 1962), p. 12

34.Youngwood, Susan, “The Ely War”, Vermont Life, vol. XLVII, no. 3 (Spring 1993), p. 44; also Blaisdell, p. 47

35.Ely, Edwin A., Personal Memoirs of Edwin A. Ely, p. 419

36."The Governors of Vermont”, the Vermonter, Vol. II, no. 2 (Sept.1896), p. 23

37.Child, Gazetteer, p. 18

38.Child, Gazetteer, p. 18

39.Collier, First Annual Report of the Vermont State Report of Agriculture, Manufactures and Mining, for the Year 1872, p. 630

40.Child, Gazetteer, p. 18; the Vermonter, (Sept. 1896), p. 31

41.the Vermonter (Sept. 1896) p. 31

42.Child, Gazetteer, p. 20, quoting the Bradford Opinion of June 21, 1879

43.Resources of the United States, Calendar Year 1886, p. 1120

44.the Vermonter (Sept. 1896), p. 31

45.Abbott, Vermont History (January 1965), p. 233; Hemenway, Gazetteer, p. 1087

46.Child, Gazetteer, p. 24

47.Abbott, Vermont History (January 1965), p. 241, quoting Tyson’s “Journal and Memorandum Book, and the payroll records of the Vermont Copper Mining Company for 1868, 1880-1882"

48.Gazetteer, 1871, p. 908

49.Burlington Free Press, July 20, 1870 (Evening Edition), p. 3, col. 3

50.Child, Gazetteer, p. 18

51.Abbott, Green Mountain Copper: the Story of Vermont’s Red Metal, p. 10

52.[Burlington] Daily Free Press and Times, Saturday, February 12, 1876, p. 3

53.Child, Gazetteer, p. 25; the Vermonter, (Sept. 1896), p. 32

54.Crane, Let Me Show You Vermont, p. 157

55.Child, p. 20, quoting the Bradford Opinion of June 21, 1879; Town of Corinth History Committee, History of Corinth, Vermont 1764-1964, p. 170

56.Youngwood, Vermont Life, (Spring 1993), p. 46

57.Ely, Edwin A., Personal Memoirs, p. 421

58.Personal Memoirs, p. 125

59.Child, Gazetteer, p. 15

60.Laws of Vermont, 1880, No. 171, p. 165

61.the Vermonter (Sept. 1896), p. 31

62.the Vermonter (Sept. 1896), p. 32

63.Perkins, Report of the State Geologist... 1915-1916, p. 192; Child, Gazetteer, p. 20; Crockett, Walter H. Vermont, Its Resources and Opportunities; General Assembly of Vermont, 1916, p.55; Dee, Eileen Bugbee, "Vermont Copper Ghost Town", in: The Vermonter, vol. 47, no. 12 (December 1942), p. 169; Hermance, H. P., Neumann, G. L. and Mosier, McHenry, Report of Investigations: Investigation of Ely Mine Copper Deposit, Report of Investigation 4395, January 1949, U.S.Dept of the Interior, 1949

64.Williams, Albert, Mineral Resources of the United States, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1883, House Misc. Doc. No. 75, 48th Congress, 1st Session, p.231

65.Abbott, Collamer, "Vermont's Copper Boom", typescript in possession of the author

66.Perkins, Report of the State Geologist...1915-1916, p. 196; Stone, The Vermont of Today, p. 536

67.Jacobs, Report...1941-1942, p. 7

68.Abbott, “The Folklore of the Ely Copper Mine”, Vermont History News, vol. 36, no. 2 (March-April 1985), p. 32

69.Child, Gazetteer, p. 27

70.Child, Gazetteer, p. 28

71.Blaisdell, p. 64

72.Abbott, Collamer, "Bread or Blood! Labor Revolt in a Vermont Copper Camp", in: New England Galaxy Vol. XIV, No. 2, Fall 1972, p. 6

73.Barstow, John L.. Gov., "Message of John L. Barstow, Retiring Governor to the General Assembly of the State of Vermont, October Session, 1884."  Burlington, Free Press Association, 1884, p.6

74.Report of the Adjutant and Inspector General for 1883-84, Appendix [B], “Report of Colonel William L. Greenleaf, 1st Regiment...August 15, 1883”, p. 10

75.Crockett, Walter Hill, Vermont the Green Mountain State, volume 4, New York, Century History Company, 1921, p. 132

76.“Report of Colonel William L. Greenleaf, 1st Regiment...August 15, 1883”, p. 11

77.Ullery, Men of Vermont, (1894), p.423

78.Stone, The Vermont of Today, p. 537

79.Crockett, Vermont the Green Mountain State, p. 133

80.“Pills, Pukes and Poultices and a Doctor’s Account of the Ely Copper Riots”,  Vermont History, vol. 52, no. 2 (Spring 1984), p. 84

81.Report of the Adjutant and Inspector General for 1883-1884, p. 13

82.Abbott, Vermont History News (March-April 1985), p. 32

83.the Vermonter (Sept. 1896), p. 343

84.Child, Gazetteer, p. 33

85.Perkins, Report of the State Geologist...1915-1916, p. 196

86.Abbott, Vermont History News (March-April 1985), p. 32

87.Jacobs, Report...1941-1942, p. 7

88.chartered Laws of Vermont 1896, RFC III, p. 345

89.Perkins, Report of the State Geologist...1899-1900, p. 7

90.Perkins, Report...1915-1916, p. 196

91.“The Red Dust of Vershire”, Rural Vermonter (Fall 1962), p. 10

92.Report of the Vermont State Geologist 1915-1916, p. 196

93.Youngwood, Vermont Life (Spring 1993), p. 47

94.Perkins, Report...1917-1918, p. 143

95.Jacobs, Report...1941-1942, p. 7

96.Perkins, Report of the State Geologist...1917-1918, p. 143

97.Jacobs, Report...1941-1942, p. 7

98.Jacobs, Report...1941-1942, p. 2

99.Jacobs, Report...1941-1942, p.3

100.White, W. S.and Eric, J. H., “Preliminary report on the geology of the Orange County copper district”, U. S. Geological Survey Open Files, 1944

101.Klyza, Christopher McGrory and Trombulak, Stephen C., The Story of Vermont: a Natural and Cultural History, Middlebury College Press, Hanover, 1999, pg. 110

102.Daily Free Press and Times, February 12, 1876, p. 3

103.Canney, Frank C., Geochemical Prospecting Investigations in the Copper Belt of Vermont, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1965, p.B8

104.Klyza, p. 111

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